Ataturk Kamal Pasha: The wrap faced embankments for building roads and highways will widely minimize the costing of land acquisition as it allow using less space which will also be more capable in responding to any severe quake than the traditional embankments.
The embankments method, proved in a study to be applicable to the soft soil of Bangladesh, can be made 70 less costing than the traditional embankments as it allows making embankments using 60-70 per cent less land space, according to the findings of the PhD thesis of Ripon Hore, Civil engineering Department, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET).
After investigating the seismic effect due to different input motion on the wrap-faced soil walls by performing shaking table tests and numerical analysis using PLAXIS 3D, the researchers find that the outputs will be useful to predict the dynamic behavior of wrap-faced embankment on soft clay.
The findings from the analysis of the seismic behavior of embankment will play a vital role in developing a standard design specification for such walls for the roads and railways department of Bangladesh.
The physical model of the embankments has been prepared with two soil layers—clayey soil as the lower layer and sandy soil as the upper layer.
Applying the wrap faced method in constructing roads and railways could be a blessing for any agrarian economy like Bangladesh as at a time it will minimize land acquisition and will be earthquake responsive, said Dr. Mehedi Ahmed Ansary, supervisor of the thesis also Professor of Civil engineering Department of BUET.
A project applying the method which is popular in many countries including Japan can be implemented by 30 crore take while it will take at least 100 crore in traditional method, added the professor.
Preventing measures are being taken in our country while building houses, flyovers and other project but none of the implemented projects of roads and railways considers dynamic loading in the design phases which are vulnerable to any severe quake like Kobe earthquake-1995 or Loma-Prieta 1989, said Ripon Hore.
“No study has been conducted yet on our country’s soft soil, which is different from any other country’s, to build wrap faced embankments which can carry a higher dynamic/seismic load than the traditional embankments,” Ripon said.
Four successive mild earthquakes have shaken Sylhet recently which could be a warning sign of a major earthquake in the country, says experts.
Three consecutive studies has been conducted titled ‘Dynamic Response of Reinforced Soil Retaining Wall Resting on Soft Clay’, ‘Dynamic Responses of Reinforced Soil Model Wall on Soft Clay Foundation’ and ‘Seismic Response of Embankment on Soft Clay Based on Shaking Table Test’ in last six years. All the researches have been published on world’s top class journals.